Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Following the Worst Disaster of the Last 100 Years

Earthquake and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder


  • Nurcan Yörük Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Health Sciences, Erzurum City Hospital, Erzurum, TURKEY



Earthquake, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder


The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of these two separate major earthquakes, involving hitherto unseen characteristics, on the psychological states of women experiencing them and to contribute to the adoption of measures by which to minimize such problems in future disasters.

The study was conducted in Public Hospital Obstetric Clinic two months after earthquakes. Data were collected using the Post-Earthquake Trauma Level Determining Scale. Data collection was performed over 30 days. A total of 440 participants were included. Demographic characteristics including age, sex, education, occupation, marital status, number of children, and income were recorded.

Mild trauma scores were observed in 112 (25.45%) participants, moderate trauma in 170 (38.63%), severe trauma in 139 (31.59%), and very severe trauma in 19 (4.31%). Trauma scores differed significantly among the groups in terms of damage inflicted on the home (p<0.001) and with poor income status (p=0.009). Individuals whose homes had collapsed or suffered severe damage registered higher trauma scores than those with moderate, little, or no damage to their homes (p<0.001 for all).

Etiological factors leading to trauma must be considered in the aid and support to be provided.


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How to Cite

Yörük, N. (2023). Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Following the Worst Disaster of the Last 100 Years: Earthquake and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. EJONS INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL, 7(3), 332–339.